Bactrian Camel

Order Artiodactyla
Family Camelidae
Genus Camelus
Species Bactrianus
Height 190-230 cms
Weight 450-650 kgs
Lifespan 40 years
Habitat Grassland


The Bactrian Camel (camelus bactrianus) which comes from Asia is one of the six species in the Camelidae family, along with the Arabian Camel (Camelus dromedarius), Llama, Alpaca, Guanaco and Vicuna.

The Bactrian Camel has two humps and is adapted more to the rockier regions of Asia. They are more heavily built than the Arabian Camel and have longer coats. There are only a few hundred Bactrian Camels left.

Camels can run upto 20 miles per hour

They only start to perspire at a body temprature of 40.5 degrees celsius thus conserving body fluids

They can walk upto 25 miles a day

They chew their food about 40 50 times




Author: R.Trevor Wilson
This text is designed to provide a background to the biology and ecology of camels, in order to enable workers involved with them to increase camel production. Included are chapters on different types and breeds, physiology, and uses of the camel, in particular transport and milk production.

The Lost Camels of Tartary

Author: John Hare
The author recounts his adventures on three expeditions to the Mongolian and Chinese Gobi deserts, the first in 1993 with Russian scientists, the second and third with Chinese scientists in 1995 and 1996. Their aim was to track down the wild Bactrian camel, of which there are only 1000 left.

Bactrian Camel Links

Wild Camel Protection Foundation
A UK based charitable trust established in 1997 for the protection of the wild Bactrian camel.

Planet Camel
Fact Sheet on Camels.



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