American Black Bear

Order Carnivora
Family Ursidae
Genus Ursus
Species Americanus
Length 1.3-1.8 metres
Weight 70-120 kgs
Lifespan Upto 30 years
Habitat Forests and woodlands


Kermodes Bear (U.a. kermodei)
Glacier Bear (U.a. emmonsii)
Cinnamon Bear (U.a. cinnamomum)
Eastern Black Bear (U.a. americanus)
Newfoundland Black Bear (U.a. hamiltoni)

There are several sub-species or races of the American Black Bear and they all vary in colour such as the Kermodes Bear which can be white, the Glacier Bear which has a bluish coat, and the Cinnamon Bear which has a reddish-brown coat. However the Eastern populations are typically black.

They feed mainly on berries, nuts, tubers, but will also prey on young hoofed animals and sometimes livestock.

Black bear cubs are born in January or February and they will remain in the den with their mother until April or May.




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