Gray Wolf

Order Carnivora
Family Canidae
Genus Canis
Species Lupus
Height 100-150cms
Weight 20-80kgs
Lifespan Upto 16 years
Habitat Forests, plains and mountains


Common Wolf (C.l. lupus)
Steppe Wolf (C.l. campestris )
Tundra Wolf - Eurasia(C.l. albus)
Tundra Wolf - America (C.l. tundarum)
Eastern Timber Wolf (C.l. lycaon)
Great Plains Wolf (C.l. nubilus)

The Gray Wolf is the largest member of the dog family. They are distributed throughout parts of North America, Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Asia.

Most Wolves live in packs which can be between 7-20 individuals, depending on the habitat they are in. Their prey usually consists of deer, moose and caribou but they will sometimes prey on livestock and small mammals too.

The Timber Wolf (C.l. lycaon) was once the most widespread of the wolves in North America, but it is now restricted to certain areas.

The Great Plains Wolf (C.l. nubilus) also known as the Buffalo Wolf is now extinct in the wild. They used to follow the great herds of bison across North America.

Wolves can run up to speeds of 40 miles per hour.

They trot at about 8-10 miles per hour

They have been known to cover distances of 60 miles in a 24-hour period



The Great American Wolf

Author: Bruce Hampton
For over three hundred years, the wolf was North America's most hated and reviled animal, relentlessly persecuted to the point of extinction by the mid-twentieth century throughout most of Mexico, the continental United States, and southern Canada. Then, in a matter of several decades, both public and scientific opinion reversed itself. The wolf became not only tolerated, but greatly desired as an integral member of ecosystems by conservationists and biologists who sought to return the predator to portions of its former range. What followed was one of the longest and most bitterly-fought conservation battles in history, one that continues today. - The Author

The Wolves of Yellowstone

Author: Michael K Phillips, Douglas W Smith
Paperback (June 1998)
Voyageur Press (USA); ISBN: 0896583910


Arctic Wild : The Remarkable True Story of One Couple's Adventure Among Wolves

Author: Lois Crisler
Paperback - 320 pages (October 1999)
Lyons Press; ISBN: 155821688X


The A-Z of Wolves

Author: Tony Matthews
Hardcover - 200 pages (September 1999)
Breedon Books; ISBN: 1859831575


Gray Wolf, Red Wolf

Author: Dorothy Hinshaw Patent, William Munoz
Describes the physical characteristics, life cycle, and behavior of the two species of wolves found in North America and discusses efforts to save them from extinction by reintroducing them to wilderness areas.

The Red Wolf (Endangered in America)

Author: Alvin Silverstein, Virginia Silverstein, Robert Silverstein
Reading level: Ages 9-12
Library Binding - 64 pages (December 1994)
Millbrook Press; ISBN: 1562944169


The Wolf (Endangered Animals & Habitats)

Author: Hayley R. Mitchell
Reading level: Young Adult
Hardcover (January 1996)
Lucent Books; ISBN: 1560062525


The Wolf : The Ecology and Behavior of an Endangered Species

Author: L. David Mech
Paperback - 384 pages (April 1981)
University of Minnesota Press; ISBN: 0816610266


Wolves (Endangered)

Author: Casey Horton
Discusses the habits and characteristics of wolves, once feared as vicious killers, but now understood to be gentle and peaceful wild animals, themselves in need of protection from hunters and encroaching civilization.



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